December 8, 2021

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Spices Names in English, Hindi, Tamil, Kannada, Marathi

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Spices are the backbone of Indian cuisine. Indian food relies on the addition of a few spices or many spices. These are added sparingly to the food while cooking. Below you will find a list or glossary of spices with their English names and in some more Indian languages.

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Not only the spices, add a ton of flavor to the dish, but some of the spices like cumin, carom seeds, fennel seeds help in digestion. For this reason, they are added to many recipes to aid digestion.

A few spices like green chillies or red chili powder add some pungency and heat to the dish. Depending on the recipe, the spices are added whole or in their powdered/ground form to the food.

There are many spice blends made by grinding whole spices in the Indian cuisine. Many families make their own spice blends like the essential garam masala, coriander powder, cumin powder, sambar powder, rasam powder etc.

Although you can buy the spice mixes from outside but homemade is always better. As they are free from fillers, additives and preservatives. Homemade spice blends have more intense flavors and a great fragrance.

Spices can be stored easily in a cool dry place in an air tight jars or containers. Sometimes a few spices can have mold or fungal growth on them depending upon the climate conditions. In this case you have to discard these spices.

You can also store spices for a longer time in the refrigerator in an air-tight container. Lastly, when buying spices it is better to buy organic spices and check the expiry date on the package. Make sure to finish the spices within their shelf period.

Get the names of spices, in English, Hindi and some more Indian regional languages in the table below. I hope these translations of the names of the spices in various Indian languages is useful to you.

I am also thankful to all the readers who have shared the name of spices in these regional languages through emails and the comments below. It is because of their contribution we have been able to expand this list and make it bigger.

Note that if you are using mobile phone or tablet then scroll the below table from left to right to see all the names.

List of Spices Names

English Hindi Tamil Kannada Marathi Konkani Gujarati
Aniseeds, fennel seeds Saunf Sombu   Badishep   Variyali
Asafoetida Hing Perumkayam, perungaya Hingu Hing Hingu Hing
Basil seeds, sweet basil Sabja seeds, subja, falooda seeds, tukmaria     Sabja   Tukmariya
Indian Bay Leaf Tej Patta Brinji elai   Tamalpatra, Tej Paan   Tamal patra
Big mustard seeds Sarson         Sarsav
Black cardamom Badi elaichi Periya elakkai   Mothi Ilaichi   Elcho
Black cumin seeds Kala jeera Karung seeragam   Kale Jeere    
Black mustard seeds Rai Kadughu   Mohri   Rai
Black pepper Kali mirch Milagu Menasinkalu Kalimiri   Mari
Black salt Kala namak     Kale Meeth   Sanchal
Caraway seeds Shahijeera Perum seeragam   Shahajire   Shahjeera
Carom seeds,
Thymol seeds,
Bishops weed
Ajwain Omam Owa Owa Wonwo Ajmo
Chilli powder Lal mirch powder Milagai tool   Lal Mirchi Powder, Tikhat   Marchu powder
Cinnamon Dalchini Lavanga pattai, pattai Dalchini Dalchini Dalchini Taja
Clarified butter Ghee Nei   Tup, Shuddha Toop   Ghee
Cloves Laung, lavang Krambu   Lavang   Laving
Coconut desiccated Sukha nariyal ka choora/boora Thuruvina thengai   Sukhe Khobre   Topranu khaman
Coconut dry Sukha nariyal Ularndha thengai   Sukhe Khobre   Copra, khopru
Coconut fresh Nariyal Thengai   Naral   Khopru, topru
Coriander powder Dhania powder Dhaniya podi   Dhane pood    
Coriander seeds Sabut dhania Kottumalli
Vidai, dhaniya
  Dhane   Kothmir na dana
Coriander Leaves, Cilantro Dhaniya, dhania Kothamalli ilai   Sambhar, Kothimbir, Kothmir   Kothmari/kothmir
Cumin seeds Jeera Jeerakam    Jeere   Jeeru
Curry leaves Kari patta, kadipatha Karuveppilai   Kadi Patta, Godlimba   Limda, mitho limbdo
Dry fenugreek leaves Kasoori methi Kaaindha vendhaya ilaigal   Kasuri Methi    
Dry ginger Saunth, sounth, soonth Sukku Sunthi Sunth Sunthi Sunth
Dry mango powder Amchur Mangai podi Mavinkai
Churu
Aamchur Amchur Amchur
Fenugreek seeds Methi ke dane Menthiyam, Vendhayam   Methya dane   Methi dana
Fenugreek Leaves Methi Vendhaya Keerai   Methi    
Garlic Lasan, lahsun, lahsan Poondu   Lasun   Lasan
Fresh ginger Adrak, adhrak Inji   Ala   Adu
Dry ginger Saunth, sonth Sukku   Sunth   Sunth
Green cardamom Hari elaichi, choti elaichi Elakkai   Veldoda, Velchi   Elchi
Green chilli Hari mirch Pachai milagai   Hirvi mirchi   Chidiya marcha/lilu marchu
Ground nut, peanuts Moongphalli, mungphali Nila kadalei   Sheng dane   Shing
Holy basil Tulsi Tulasi   Tulas   Tulsi
Jaggery Gur Vellam Bella Gul God Gol
Palm jaggery Tara gura, sharkara tada Pana vellam        
Lime Nimboo, nimbu Elumichai   Limbu   Limbu
Cocum, kokum Bhirinda, bhirnda     Kokam, aamsul    
Lime peel Nimbu ka chilka Elumichai thol   Limbachi Saal    
Mace Jayitri, javitri, javntry Jaipatri Jaipatri Jaipatri Jaipatri Javintri
Mint Pudina, podina Pudina, pudhina   Pudina   Phudino
Nutmeg Jaiphal Jhadhikkai   Jaiphal   Jaiphal
Onion seeds,
Nigella
Kalonji, kalaungi Kalonji       Kalonji
Pine nuts Chilgoze, nioze          
Dry pomegranate seeds Anardana Kaaindha maadhulai vidhaigal       Dadum na dana
Poppy seeds Khus khus Khasa khasa   Khas Khas   Khas khas
Raisins Kismish Kaindha dratchai / ularndha dratchai   Bedane   Suki draksh
Red chilli Lal mirch Milakai Vatral   Lal mirchi    
Rock salt Sendha namak Kal uppu   Sendhe laun   Sindhalu
Mithu
Rock flower,
Stone flower
Pathar phool Kalpaasi   Dagad phool    
Salt Namak Uppu   Meeth   Mithu
Sesame seeds Til Ellu   Til   Tul
Saffron Kunkuma, kesar, zafran Kumkumappu   Keshar   Kesar
Screwpine, pandanus Kewra Rambai ilaigal        
Sichuan pepper,
Szechwan pepper
Timur, tirphal, tephal, teppal          
Star anise Chakriphool Lavanga poo        
Sultanas Munakka     Manuka    
Tamarind Imli Puli   Chincha    
Turmeric Haldi Manjal   Halad    
Vetiver Khus          
Vinegar Sirka          
 Water melon seeds Tarbuj ke beej Tharboosani vidhaigal   Kalingad Bee    

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This Spices List post from the archives (first published in April 2009) has been republished and updated on 13 June 2021.

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