November 28, 2021

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What happens when mortgage forbearance ends? Extension and repayment options

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Is your mortgage forbearance about to end?

Mortgage forbearance provided a lifeline for millions of
homeowners during the most difficult months of the pandemic.

But with the one-year end date for many forbearance
plans rapidly approaching, homeowners will have to decide how to move forward.

Do you need to extend your COVID forbearance plan for another 3-6
months? Or are you ready to exit — and if so, what are your options?

Here’s what you need to know.

Want to refinance after forbearance? Check your eligibility (Mar 26th, 2021)

In this article (Skip to…)

Mortgage forbearance end dates

the CARES Act, homeowners with conventional, FHA, VA, or USDA loans could
request an initial loan forbearance for up to six months. They could also
request a six-month extension, for up to one year of total forbearance.

“Forbearance plans are based on when you requested them,” explains David
, president and CEO of EquiFi Corporation.

means homeowners who entered forbearance plans early in the coronavirus pandemic
are likely nearing their forbearance end dates.


  • Say you have a conventional mortgage loan
  • You initially requested forbearance on April 1, 2020
  • At the end of your six-month forbearance period, you requested a
    six-month extension
  • Your current forbearance plan would be set to expire on April 1,

homeowners will be ready to exit their forbearance plans when these end dates

Remember that when you do exit forbearance, you’ll need a plan in place to repay the payments you missed during that period.

But you will not have to repay the missed amounts as a lump sum right after exiting forbearance.

We discuss repayment options below.

Americans, though, are still experiencing financial hardship due to

you’re currently unemployed or in a position where you’re unable to resume
monthly mortgage payments, you may be able to extend your forbearance plan for
another 3-6 months.

Can I get a forbearance extension?

Six months of forbearance may have provided you a welcome buffer
period to get back on solid financial ground.

But if you continue to experience money problems due to lack of
employment, medical bills, or otherwise, you’re probably worried about how
you’re going to pay the mortgage.

The good news? Recent changes by Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac,
and the federal government have given homeowners additional opportunities to
extend their forbearance plans.

  • Homeowners with conventional loans can
    request one additional 3-month extension, for 15 months total loan forbearance.
    To be eligible, you need to have been in a COVID-19 forbearance plan prior to
    February 28, 2021
  • Homeowners with government-backed loans (FHA,
    VA, USDA)
    can request two additional 3-month extensions, for up to 18
    months total forbearance. To be eligible, you need to have been in a
    forbearance plan prior to June 30, 2020

So, depending on the type of mortgage you have, you may be eligible
for 15-18 months of loan forbearance when all is said and done.

However, your mortgage loan servicer still gets to make the final
decision on your forbearance extension.

Remember, your servicer is the company to which you make your
mortgage payments. Different servicers have different requirements to qualify
for mortgage forbearance, so you need to check with yours about options.

As always, help is only available if you ask for it.

Your mortgage forbearance will NOT be automatically extended. If you need an extension, you must call your servicer and request one.

How to request an extension

“Loan servicers are supposed to reach out to borrowers 30 days
before the forbearance plan is scheduled to end to help them understand what
options they have for repayment,” says Dongshin
, assistant professor of finance and real estate at Pepperdine
Graziadio Business School.

But you shouldn’t necessarily wait for your lender or servicer
to contact you about this option.

“If you need to continue your forbearance, contact your mortgage
servicer well ahead of your forbearance end date,” recommends Jackie
, senior director of housing services at Money Management

“You need to prepare for relief to end now. Do not wait until
you get your statement to ask a lender for help. Instead, contact them now, let
them know your financial situation, and see how they can help.”

I start a new mortgage forbearance right now?

homeowners began their forbearance plans early in the pandemic. But what if
your finances are just now beginning to run thin? Can you request a new
forbearance plan in 2021?

the time being, the answer is yes — as long as your loan servicer agrees to it.

  • Homeowners with FHA, VA, and USDA loans can request an initial
    forbearance until June 30, 2021
  • For homeowners with conventional loans, there is currently no
    deadline for requesting initial forbearance, according to the Consumer
    Financial Protection Bureau

in mind, forbearance is typically a ‘last resort’ solution for homeowners who
don’t have other relief options.

first step should be to check whether you’re eligible to refinance into a loan
with a more affordable monthly payment. If you can refinance and keep making
mortgage payments each month, that’s ideal.

homeowners who are currently unemployed likely won’t be able to refinance, as
this almost always requires income and employment verification.

If you’re unable to refinance, a forbearance plan might be the best path to mortgage relief. Your loan servicer will help you understand your options.

Check your refinance eligibility (Mar 26th, 2021)

What happens when forbearance ends?

If you’re ready to resume payments at the end of the forbearance
period, be prepared for what happens next.

“Forbearance is not loan forgiveness. Borrowers will still owe
the principal and interest that they didn’t pay during the forbearance period,”
notes Kim.

“Borrowers will need to make both the regular mortgage payments
and also all the payments they missed while the loan was in forbearance.”

You will typically have several options for repayment once forbearance expires:

  1. Full repayment, which is a one-time lump sum payment. It’s possible to pay back all the missed payments at once. But lenders are NOT allowed to require this. “If you are unable to pay the lump sum, you have other options,” says Boies
  2. Intermittent payments, where you arrange repayment with your servicer over three, six, nine, or 12 months — whichever makes the most sense — on top of your regular payments
  3. Lengthen your loan term and pay off the missed amount at the end of the extended loan term, with additional mortgage payments
  4. Payment deferral. This option lets you pay off the missed amount when the home is sold, refinanced, or at the end of the loan term
  5. Pursue a loan modification. “This helps borrowers who are at risk of default change their mortgage terms – usually including a lower interest rate, reduced length of the loan, or reduced monthly payment,” adds Boies

The right option for you depends on your current finances,
employment status, and ability to resume mortgage payments.

When you contact your loan servicer, be sure to discuss every option in detail so you know exactly what to expect with the repayment plan you select.

Expect delays when contacting your
mortgage servicer

The experts warn that you should anticipate a few possible snags and setbacks post-forbearance,
especially when it’s time to contact your loan servicer.

“Borrowers should expect very long delays and may experience
inconsistency in customer support representatives,” cautions Shapiro.

“Loan servicing organizations are not all properly staffed for
the expected volume of forbearances, and they can’t train support agents fast
enough to meet their needs.

“Also,” Shapiro continues, “be prepared for process changes, as
regulators react to the crisis in real-time and create new rules or modify
existing rules.”

Even if you can’t get through on the first few contact attempts,
don’t give up.

“Be patient, but be persistent. Mortgage servicers have
struggled to keep up with calls during the COVID crisis, but many have made
online options easy and added staffing,” says Boies.

Keep a close eye on your credit
report and score

If your mortgage has been in forbearance, check your credit report

CARES Act rules state that mortgages in forbearance should not
be reported as having late or missed payments. And the forbearance plan should
not harm your credit score.

But this is another area where mistakes can happen.

“Sometimes there can be mistakes and issues with credit scores
that can pop up around forbearance,” Kim says.

Remember, lenders and servicers have never before had to deal
with mortgage forbearances on this scale. So it’s up to the borrower to be
extra-vigilant and make sure nothing slips through the cracks.

Check your loan statements every month and stay on top of your
credit report.

Remember, you get one free credit report per week through April 2021. So you can keep a closer eye on it than usual.

Can I end my forbearance plan early?

You don’t have to wait for a six- or 12-month forbearance period
to come to an end. Instead, you can opt to exit forbearance earlier than

Just be prepared to pay back the amount you weren’t able to pay
while forbearance was in place, cautions Kim.

“The best time to end forbearance is when the borrower is
comfortable and able to make payments, including the additional money for
repayments they owe,” Kim adds.

If you’re ready to end forbearance, contact your loan servicer
and request this.

“But be sure your financial foundation is strong enough, meaning
you have some type of emergency fund to back up your ability to pay your
mortgage,” suggests Shapiro.

And, make sure you understand your options for repaying the missed
amounts so you’re ready to discuss them with your servicer.

Can I refinance after forbearance?

Refinancing after you exit forbearance could be a smart move.

If you’re able to lock in a lower interest rate and monthly payment,
it could make resuming your mortgage payments that much easier.

That goes double for homeowners who decide to repay their missed
loan amount by adding a little extra to each monthly payment.

Typically, you won’t be able to refinance right away.

But you might be able to do so after you’ve been making payments for
a few months.

For most major loan types — including conventional, FHA, and USDA
loans — you need to have made at least 3 consecutive payments after exiting
forbearance in order to be refinance-eligible.

As long as you meet basic loan requirements, you shouldn’t have to wait longer than 3 months to refinance

Refinance waiting periods on FHA loans may be less than 3 months for some borrowers who qualify for a Streamline Refinance.

The VA loan program is even more lenient.

The VA doesn’t impose a specific waiting period to refinance after
forbearance. It only says VA lenders must verify that the borrower has
recovered from their financial hardship.

Keep in mind, refinance requirements will vary by lender.

If your current mortgage lender wants to impose a longer waiting
period to refinance, shop around for a different lender that can help you refi

As long as you meet basic credit, income, and debt requirements, you shouldn’t have to wait longer than 3 months after your forbearance plan ends to refinance

Verify your refinance eligibility (Mar 26th, 2021)

Can I buy a new house after forbearance?

Having a mortgage forbearance in your past shouldn’t stop you from
buying a new home in the future.

Historically, lenders have had stricter requirements about getting a
home purchase loan after forbearance. But that was before COVID.

Now, lenders and mortgage agencies understand that the pandemic
forced large swaths of homeowners into forbearance — many of whom are otherwise
perfectly creditworthy.

As a result, they’ve loosened up requirements to qualify for a new
home purchase with a COVID-related forbearance in your past.

Rules are similar to those for refinancing. If you want to buy a new
home with a conventional, FHA, or USDA loan, you need to have made at least 3
consecutive payments on your current loan after exiting forbearance.

Again, the Department of Veterans Affairs is most lenient here. It
says “lenders
should not use a CARES Act forbearance as a reason to deny a Veteran a
VA-guaranteed loan.”

VA borrowers will need to explain the reason for their COVID forbearance and
prove that they’re now on solid financial footing.

course, borrowers hoping to buy a home after forbearance will also need to meet
basic requirements for credit score, down payment, debt-to-income ratio, and
ongoing income/employment.

But, provided you meet these guidelines, lenders can’t deny you a home purchase loan just because you had a COVID-related forbearance in the past. 

Check your mortgage eligibility (Mar 26th, 2021)

What if you still can’t afford your mortgage
payments after forbearance?

The worst-case scenario: Forbearance ends and you still can’t
pay your monthly mortgage. What can you do?

“You’ll probably need to consider disposition options,” says

“This may include selling your home if you can no longer afford
it. Foreclosure, short sale, and deed-in-lieu are other ways of disposing of a
home you can’t afford.”

Boies warns, “These options may be damaging to your credit and should be reserved until you’ve exhausted all other solutions.”

The bottom line

your mortgage forbearance plan is nearing its end date, you have options.

long as your initial forbearance was under the CARES Act, your loan servicer cannot
ask you to repay all the missed payments at once.

sure you explore your options and find a repayment plan you’re comfortable

FHA, VA, and USDA loans are also offering forbearance extensions until at least
mid-2021. So if you’re not ready to resume payments, ask your loan servicer
whether you qualify for an extension.

remember that forbearance is never automatic.

you need an extension or you’re ready to start making payments again, you need
to talk to your loan servicer and make sure it’s on board with the plan. 

Verify your new rate (Mar 26th, 2021)

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